Rwanda is small mountainous country on the highest African Plateau about the size of Wales. Located in Central Africa, the land locked country in the heart of the continent covers only 26,338 sq km (10,169 sq miles).
With over 600 bird species and the famous mountain Gorilla National parks that houses the last surviving gorillas on earth. The four principal areas of interest are the Virunga Volcanoes National park in the northern part of the country bordering Uganda and Congo, the Akagera National Park set in the east, the Nyungwe Forest National Park in the southern part and the region around Lake Kivu.
Rwanda has a rich history and culture. It was long time regarded as a mysterious kingdom with a legendary military force which was carefully by passed by Arab traders and the great Nile Explorers. Rwanda together with Burundi and Tanzania was part of the German East African colony. After the First World War, it became a Belgian protectorate.
Rwanda is unfortunately remembered as the Land of the genocide which dominated world headlines in 1994. Nobody can deny this. The general public still remembers these atrocities and only time will heal. However, despite the hard times, today the country is once again on the road to a bright future.
The Rwandese traditional way of life is based on agriculture and cattle. The Rwandans settle in the fertile areas, but they do not form villages, each family being surrounded by its own fields. The majority of the population belong to the Hutu tribe. There is a significant Tutsi minority (15 per cent) and a smaller minority of Twa, a mixed race of traditional potters and hunters and said to be the country’s first inhabitants. Normal social courtesies apply. Umuganda, the last Saturday of every month, is Public Cleaning Day when the whole country shuts down till 12 and everyone is meant to spend the morning cleaning and generally tidying up!
Visit Rwanda, such a beautiful country where on the bamboo-covered slopes of the Virunga Volcanoes the late Dian Fossey studied the behaviour of the endangered mountain Gorilla for 20 years, followed by the filmmakers who shot 'Gorillas in the Mist' an award wining movie, on the same location. The undulating hills and mountains ever covered by mist every morning form good scenery - hence “the Gorillas in the mist”.